Form of Government:
The town of Arlington is governed by the "Town Manager Act of the Town of Arlington, Massachusetts," the "By-Laws of the Town of Arlington" and Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 43A, "Standard Form of Representative Town Meeting Government." The executive branch is made up of a five-member Board of Selectmen, elected at large. The board hires a professional manager to administer the daily operations of the government. The legislative branch is a Town Meeting made up of 252 representatives, elected from each of the 21 precincts. Arlington is also a member of the 5th Massachusetts Congressional District, 4th Middlesex State Senatorial District, and the 15th, 23rd and 24th Middlesex State Representative Districts.
42,844 (2010 U.S. census)
42,389 (2000 U.S. census)
44,630 (1990 U.S. census)
46,465 (1985 state census)
48,219 (1980 U.S. census)
52,720 (1970 U.S. census)
FY 2005, $10.94 per $1,000
FY 2004, $10.64 per $1,000
FY 2003, $13.61 per $1,000
FY 2002, $13.85 per $1,000
FY 2001, $13.17 per $1,000
Arlington is six miles northwest of Boston, in latitude 42 degrees 25 minutes north, longitude 71 degrees 09 minutes west. The town is bordered on the north by Winchester, on the east by Medford and Somerville, on the south by Cambridge and Belmont and on the west by Lexington.
The town elevation above mean tide ranges from a low of 4 feet to high of 377 feet. Elevations include 10 feet at Mass. Ave. and the Cambridge line, 48 feet at Mass. Ave. and Pleasant Street, 155 feet at Mass. Ave. and Park Avenue, 281 feet at Crescent Hill Avenue and Park Place, and 377 feet at Park Circle and Eastern Avenue.
Arlington covers 3,517.5 acres, or 5.5 square miles, of which 286.2 acres are covered by water. There are 158.27 acres of parkland owned by the town and 52.25 acres under the control of the Metropolitan District Commission. Just over 59 acres of the land area are devoted to cemeteries.
There are 95.27 miles of public streets and town ways, 24.36 miles of private streets open for travel, 6.11 miles of state highways and parkways, and 3.24 miles of paper streets. The permanent water system consists of 131.43 miles, and the sewer system consists of 117.37 miles. There are 77.37 miles in the town's storm drain system, and the town maintains 3,698 catch basins. There are 104.09 miles of permanent sidewalks and 92.31 miles of curbing.
Arlington is bounded on the south by Route 2, a major transportation route allowing access to Boston and the western part of Massachusetts. Arlington is also a short distance from Interstate 93 and 95. Other major routes that go through the town are Routes 2A and 3. Public transportation is provided through the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) servicing the Greater Boston area with bus service and a subway system. Closest access to the subway system is through the Alewife Station located just over the Arlington border in Cambridge.
The Town of Arlington operates an excellent school system with seven elementary schools, one middle school, and Arlington High School. The elementary schools are: Bishop School, 25 Columbia Road; Brackett School, 66 Eastern Ave.; Dallin School, 185 Florence Ave.; Hardy School, 52 Lake St.; Peirce School, 85 Park Ave. Extension; Stratton School, 180 Mountain Ave., and Thompson School, 70 N. Union St. The Ottoson Middle School is at 63 Acton St. Arlington High School is at 869 Mass. Ave. For more about schools, please click here.