Article I: Definitions

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Section 1

For the purpose of these Rules and Orders, the words and phases used herein shall have the following meanings except in those instances where the context clearly indicates a different meaning.

BUS STOP – An area in the roadway set aside for the boarding of or alighting from buses.

The word bus shall be construed to mean every vehicle designed for carrying more that nine-(9) passengers and used primarily for the transportation of persons.

CAUTION SIGNAL – A flashing yellow signal having the same general function as a warning sign.

CHANNELIZED ISLAND – A traffic island located to guide traffic streams along certain definite paths and to prevent the promiscuous movement of vehicles in what would otherwise be widely extended roadway area.

COMMERCIAL VEHICLE – Any vehicle being used in the transportation of goods, wares or merchandise for commercial purposes.

HEAVY COMMERCIAL VEHICLE – Any vehicle registered for commercial purposes of (2 ½) Two and One-Half ton capacity or over and designed and used primarily for the transportation of goods, wares or merchandise.

CROSSOVER – That portion of the roadway ordinarily included within the extensions of the sidewalk lines, or, if none, then the footpath lines, and, at any place in a highway, clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or markers upon the roadway surface.

CURB MARKING – That portion of the curbing, the painting of which has been duly authorized by the Chief of Police and has the written approval of the Department of Public Works of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

EMERGENCY VEHICLE – Vehicles of the Fire Department (Fire Patrol), police vehicles and such ambulances and emergency vehicles of federal, state or municipal departments or public service corporations as are commonly recognized as such.

FUNERALS – Any procession of mourners properly identified as such accompanying the remains of a human body.

INTERSECTION – The area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines or if none, then the lateral boundary lines of two or more streets or highways which join one another at an angle whether or not one such street or highway crosses the other.
“The rules and regulations herein contained governing and restricting the movement of vehicles at and near intersecting ways shall apply at any place along any way at which drivers are not to be controlled by traffic control signals whether or not such places in an intersection as herein defined."

LANE MARKING – Official Street Marking. Any painted line, marking or marker of any description painted or placed upon any street or highway which purports to direct or regulate traffic and which has been authorized by the Board of Selectmen and included in a blanket written approval of the Department of Public Works of the Commonwealth.

OFFICER – Any officer of the Arlington Police Department or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for the violation of traffic regulations.

OPERATOR – A person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

ONE-WAY HIGHWAYS – Roadways or streets, designated by the Rules and Orders as one-way and upon which vehicular traffic may move only in a direction indicated by signs.

PARKING – The stopping or standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not in or upon any street, way, highway or parkway, under the control of the Town of Arlington otherwise than in obedience to, the orders of a police officer, or traffic signs or signals.

PARKING METER – The words “Parking Meter” shall mean any mechanical device, not inconsistent with the provisions of this regulation, placed or erected on any public way within the Town of Arlington for the regulation of parking. Each parking meter installed shall indicate by proper legend the legal parking time established by these Rules and Orders and when operated shall at all times indicate the balance of legal parking time permitted and at the expiration of such period shall indicate illegal or overtime parking.

PARKING METER SPACE – The words “Parking Meter Space” shall mean any space within a parking meter zone, adjacent to a parking meter which is duly designated for the parking of a single vehicle by lines painted on the surface of the street adjacent to or adjoining each parking meter.

PARKING METER ZONE – The words “Parking Meter Zone” shall mean and include any street or portion thereof, upon which parking meters are installed and in operation and upon which parking of vehicles is permitted for a limited time subject to compliance with the further provision of this regulation.

PEDESTRIAN – Any person afoot or riding on a conveyance moved by human power, except sleds, bicycles or tricycles.

PERSON – The word “Person” shall mean and include any individual, firm, co-partnership, association, or corporation.

RAILROAD CROSSING – Any intersection of a street or highway with a railroad right of way, at grade.

ROADWAY – That portion of a street or highway between the regularly established curb lines or that part, exclusive of shoulders, improved and intended to be used for vehicular traffic.

ROTARY TRAFFIC – Counter-clockwise operation of a vehicle around an object or structure.

SAFETY ZONE – An area or space set aside within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians alighting from or boarding or waiting for busses, and which zones have the written approval of the Department of Public Works of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and are indicated by signs, lines and marking.

SIDEWALK – That portion of a street or highway set aside for pedestrian travel.

STOP SIGNAL – A flashing red signal having the same function as a stop sign.

STREET OR HIGHWAY – The entire width between property lines of every way open to the use of the public for purposes of travel.

STREET MARKING – Any painted line, legend or marking of any description painted or placed upon any way which purports to direct or regulate traffic and which has been authorized by the Department of Public Works, Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

TAXICAB STANDS – An area in the road way in which taxicabs are required to park while waiting to be engaged.

THROUGH WAY – Any way other than a State highway within the jurisdiction of the Town of Arlington that has been designated, posted and signed in accordance with the Provisions of General Laws (Ter. Ed.) Chapter 89, Section 9, and has the written approval of the Department of Public Works, Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

TRAFFIC – Pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, or other conveyances either singly or together while using any street or highway for the purpose of travel.

TRAFFIC CONTROL AREA – Any area along the street or highway at which drivers are controlled by traffic control signals or by police officers.

TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL – Any device using colored lights which conform to the standards as prescribed by the Department of Public Works, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, whether manually, or electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic may be alternately directed to stop and proceed.

TRAFFIC ISLAND – Any area or space set aside, within a roadway, and approved by the Department of Public Works, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, which is not intended for use by vehicular traffic.

TRAFFIC SIGNALS, OFFICIAL – All signals, conforming to the standards as prescribed by the Department of Public Works, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, not inconsistent with these Rules and Orders, placed or erected by authority of the Board of Selectmen, for the purpose of directing or warning traffic.

TRAFFIC SIGNS, OFFICIAL – All signs, markings and devices, other than signals, not inconsistent with these Rules and Orders, and which conform to the standards prescribed by the Department of Public Works of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and placed or erected by authority of the Board of Selectmen for the purpose of guiding, directing, warning or regulating traffic.

U TURNS – The turning of a vehicle by means of a continuous left turn whereby the direction of such vehicle is reversed.

VEHICLE – Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway including bicycles, when the provisions of these rules are applicable to them, except other devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks and devices which derive their power for operation from stationary overhead wires